Sunday, August 30, 2015

Wes Craven, DEAD (1939-08-02, 2015-08-30)

Wes Craven dies with 76. Actor.

He was an amazing film director, writer, producer and actor.

Some of my favorite movies from him:
- "The Last House on the Left 1972,
- "A Nightmare on Elm Street 1984,
- "A Nightmare on Elm Street 3: Dream Warriors 1987,
- "Shocker 1989,
- "The People Under the Stairs 1991,
- "Wes Craven's New Nightmare 1994,
- "Vampire in Brooklyn 1995,
- "Scream 1996,
- "Scream 2 1997,
- "Wishmaster 1997,
- "Scream 3 2000,
- "The Last House on the Left 2009,
- "Scream 4 2011,

Here it goes the story of Wes Craven from Wikipedia

Thanks to Wes Craven on Wikipedia

Wesley Earl "Wes" Craven (August 2, 1939 – August 30, 2015) was an American film director, writer, producer, and actor known for his work on horror films, particularly slasher films. He was best known for creating the A Nightmare on Elm Street franchise featuring the Freddy Krueger character, directing the first installment and Wes Craven's New Nightmare, and co-writing A Nightmare on Elm Street 3: Dream Warriors with Bruce Wagner.

Craven also directed all four films in the Scream series featuring Ghostface. Some of his other films include The Hills Have Eyes, The Last House on the Left, The Serpent and the Rainbow, The People Under the Stairs, Vampire in Brooklyn, Cursed, Red Eye and My Soul to Take.

Early life

Craven was born in Cleveland, Ohio, the son of Caroline (née Miller) and Paul Eugene Craven. He was raised in a strict Baptist family. Craven earned an undergraduate degree in English and Psychology from Wheaton College in Illinois and a master's degree in Philosophy and Writing from Johns Hopkins University.

Craven briefly taught English at Westminster College and was a humanities professor at Clarkson College of Technology (now Clarkson University) in Potsdam, New York. His first job in the film industry was as a sound editor for a post-production company in New York City.

Directing and writing career

Craven left the academic world for the more lucrative role of pornographic film director. In the documentary Inside Deep Throat, Craven says on camera he made "many hard core X-rated films" under pseudonyms. While his role in Deep Throat is undisclosed, most of his early known work involved writing, film editing or both. In 1972 Wes Craven directed his first feature film The Last House on the Left.

Craven frequently collaborated with Sean S. Cunningham. In Craven's debut feature, The Last House on the Left, Cunningham served as producer. Later, in Craven's most famous film, A Nightmare on Elm Street, Cunningham directed one of the chase scenes, although uncredited. Their infamous characters, Freddy Krueger and Jason Voorhees, appeared together in the 2003 slasher film Freddy vs. Jason with Cunningham acting as producer, while screenwriter Victor Miller is credited as "Character Creator". Later, in The Last House on the Left remake, both Cunningham and Craven share production credits.
Craven had a major hand in launching superstar Johnny Depp's career by casting him in 1984's A Nightmare on Elm Street, Depp's first major film role.

Although known for directing horror/thriller films, he had worked on two that were outside this genre: the 1999 film Music of the Heart, and as one of the 22 directors in the 2006 collaboration Paris, je t'aime.

Craven created Coming of Rage, a five-issue comic book series, with 30 Days of Night comic book writer Steve Niles. The series was released in digital form in 2014 by Liquid Comics with a print edition scheduled for an October 2015 debut.

Film style

Craven's works tend to share a common exploration of the nature of reality. A Nightmare on Elm Street, for example, dealt with the consequences of dreams in real life. New Nightmare "brushes against" (but does not quite break) the fourth wall by having actress Heather Langenkamp play herself as she is haunted by the villain of the film in which she once starred. At one point in the film, the audience sees on Wes Craven's word processor a script he has written, which includes the exact conversation he just had with Heather — as if the script was being written as the action unfolded. The Serpent and the Rainbow portrays a man who cannot distinguish between nightmarish visions and reality.

In Scream, the characters frequently reference horror films similar to their situations, and at one point Billy Loomis tells his girlfriend that life is just a big movie. This concept was emphasized in the sequels, as copycat stalkers reenact the events of a new film about the Woodsboro killings occurring in Scream. Scream included a scene mentioning the well-known Richard Gere urban legend. Craven stated in interviews that he received calls from agents telling him that if he left that scene in, he would never work again. He directed Scream 4.

Awards and nominations

During his career, Wes Craven was nominated for and won several awards, including the Saturn Award.

In 1977, he won the critic's award at the Sitges Film Festival for his film The Hills Have Eyes. The Gérardmer Film Festival granted him the Grand Prize in 1997 for Scream. In 2012, the New York City Horror Film Festival awarded Craven the Lifetime Achievement Award.

Other work

Craven designed the Halloween 2008 logo for Google, and was the second celebrity personality to take over the YouTube homepage on Halloween.

Craven had a letter published in the July 19, 1968 edition of Life magazine, praising that periodical's coverage of contemporary rock music, in particular Frank Zappa.

Personal life and death

Craven's first marriage to Bonnie Broecker produced two children, Jonathan Craven (born 1965) and Jessica Craven (born 1968). Jonathan is a writer and director with a few credits to his name. Jessica was a singer/songwriter in the group the Chapin Sisters. The marriage ended in 1970. In 1982, Craven married Millicent Eleanor Meyer. However, the two divorced. Craven stated in interviews that the marriage dissolved after he discovered it "was no longer anything but a sham." In 2004, Craven married Iya Labunka. She frequently worked as a producer on Craven's films.

Craven was a birder. In 2010 he became a member of Audubon California's Board of Directors. His favorite films included Night of the Living Dead, The Virgin Spring and Red River.

On August 30, 2015, Craven died of brain cancer at his home in Los Angeles. He was 76 years old.

Highest-grossing films

This is a list of the top 10 highest-grossing films by Wes Craven; each has made at least $30 million.

Rank Title Lifetime gross (US$)
1 Scream 173,046,663
2 Scream 2 172,363,301
3 Scream 3 161,834,276
4 Scream 4 101,214,723
5 Red Eye 95,577,774
6 The Hills Have Eyes (2006) 69,623,713
7 The Hills Have Eyes 2 67,915,885
8 The Last House on the Left (2009) 45,286,228
9 A Nightmare On Elm Street 3: Dream Warriors 44,793,222
10 The People Under the Stairs 31,347,154

Wes Craven
Wes Craven 2010.jpg
Craven in 2010.
Born Wesley Earl Craven
August 2, 1939
Cleveland, Ohio, United States
Died August 30, 2015 (aged 76)
Los Angeles, California, United States
Occupation Director, writer, producer, actor
Years active 1971–2015
Spouse(s) Bonnie Broecker (m. 1964; div. 1969)
Mimi Craven (m. 1984; div. 1987)
Iya Labunka (m. 2004; his death 2015)
Children 2, including Jonathan

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